At Texas Joint Institute, our team of experienced specialists specializes in bone cancer surgery. We are using the latest surgical techniques and technologies to provide the best outcomes for our patients. Our highly skilled team is committed to providing personalized care and support throughout the entire surgical process. We understand the challenges and concerns that come with bone cancer, and we strive to offer effective and innovative treatments while prioritizing your well-being and quality of life. Trust Texas Joint Institute to provide exceptional care and guidance and help you achieve the best possible outcome.

To learn more about our services or to schedule an appointment with our orthopedic surgeon, call (972) 566-5255 or contact us online.

What is bone cancer?

Bone cancer refers to the abnormal growth of cells in the bones, leading to the formation of tumors. These tumors can be either benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Malignant bone tumors can spread to other parts of the body and pose a serious health risk.

Types of bone cancer

There are several types of bone cancer, each with its distinct characteristics and treatment approaches. The main types include osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, chondrosarcoma, multiple myeloma, giant cell tumor of bone, fibrosarcoma, adamantinoma, osteoblastoma, and angiosarcoma.


Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer, primarily affecting children and young adults. It typically develops in the long bones around the knee, but it can also occur in other bones.

Ewing Sarcoma

Ewing sarcoma mainly affects children and young adults. It commonly originates in the pelvis, thigh, or shinbone and can spread to other bones and tissues.


Chondrosarcoma is a malignant bone tumor that arises from cartilage cells. It primarily affects adults and is often found in the pelvis, upper leg, and shoulder areas.

Multiple myeloma

Multiple myeloma is a cancer of plasma cells, which are responsible for producing antibodies. It affects the bone marrow and can lead to bone pain, fractures, and other complications.

Giant cell tumor of bone

Giant cell tumor of bone is a benign but locally aggressive tumor that typically affects young adults. It commonly occurs in the long bones, such as the leg or arm bones.


Fibrosarcoma is a rare type of malignant tumor that originates from fibrous tissue in the bone. It can occur in any bone but is most commonly found in the thigh bone or lower leg.


Adamantinoma is a rare malignant tumor that primarily affects the tibia (shinbone) but can also occur in other bones. It often affects young adults and has a slow-growing nature.


Osteoblastoma is a rare bone tumor that originates from osteoblasts, the cells responsible for bone formation. It commonly affects the spine and long bones and is typically benign.


Angiosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor that arises from blood vessels. While it can occur in various tissues, it can also affect the bones, particularly in the skull and face.

Bone cancer risk factors

Several factors can increase the risk of developing bone cancer. These include age and gender, genetic factors, radiation exposure, Paget's disease, and a history of previous bone disorders.

Age and gender

Bone cancer occurs most commonly in children and young adults, although it can affect individuals of any age. Certain types of bone cancer are more prevalent in specific age groups or genders.

Genetic factors

Genetic abnormalities, such as hereditary retinoblastoma or Li-Fraumeni syndrome, can increase the risk of developing bone cancer.

Radiation exposure

Exposure to high levels of radiation, either due to previous radiation therapy or environmental factors, can increase the likelihood of developing bone cancer.

Paget's disease

Paget's disease, a bone disorder characterized by abnormal bone remodeling, can predispose individuals to bone cancer.

Previous bone disorders

Individuals with a history of certain bone disorders, such as osteochondroma or osteomyelitis, may have an increased risk of developing bone cancer.

Bone cancer diagnosis & treatment

The diagnosis of bone cancer involves various imaging tests, biopsies, and laboratory analyses to determine the presence and type of cancer. Treatment options for bone cancer include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy, which are often used in combination depending on the specific situation.

Indications for bone cancer surgery

Bone cancer surgery is typically recommended when the tumor is localized and surgery can effectively remove it without compromising limb function or overall health. The decision for surgery depends on factors such as tumor size, location, and the presence of metastasis.

Bone cancer surgery on limbs

When bone cancer affects the limbs, there are different surgical approaches available, including limb salvage surgery, amputation, and reconstruction with prosthetic fitting.

Limb salvage surgery

Limb salvage surgery aims to remove the cancerous tumor while preserving the affected limb. It involves removing the tumor and reconstructing the bone using bone grafts, metal implants, or biological substitutes.


In some cases, amputation may be necessary to remove the cancerous tumor if limb salvage is not feasible or if it would pose a significant risk to the patient's health.

Reconstruction and prosthetic fitting

After amputation or limb salvage surgery, reconstruction procedures and fitting of prosthetic limbs may be performed to restore functionality and improve quality of life.

Bone cancer surgery for other parts of the body

Bone cancer can also affect other parts of the body, such as the spine, skull and facial bones, pelvis, ribs and chest wall, shoulder and scapula, and hip and thigh. Surgical approaches for these areas may vary depending on the location and extent of the tumor.


Surgical treatment of bone cancer in the spine involves removing the tumor and stabilizing the spine with instrumentation to maintain spinal stability.

Skull and facial bones

Surgery for bone cancer affecting the skull and facial bones focuses on tumor removal while preserving the normal structure and function of the skull and face.


Pelvic bone cancer surgery may involve the removal of the tumor and reconstructive procedures to preserve pelvic function and stability.

Ribs and chest wall

Surgical treatment for bone cancer in the ribs and chest wall involves removing the affected ribs and reconstructing the chest wall to maintain respiratory function.

Shoulder and scapula

Bone cancer surgery for the shoulder and scapula aims to remove the tumor while preserving shoulder joint function and restoring stability.

Hip and thigh

Surgical treatment of bone cancer in the hip and thigh region may involve tumor removal, bone reconstruction, and hip replacement procedures to restore mobility and function.

Surgical treatment of bone tumor metastasis

In cases where bone cancer has metastasized to other parts of the body, surgical interventions may be performed to stabilize affected bones, relieve pain, and improve quality of life.

How to prepare for bone cancer surgery

Preparing for bone cancer surgery involves thorough preparation to ensure the best possible outcome. Here are important steps to help you get ready:

  • Medical Evaluation: Your healthcare team will conduct a comprehensive medical evaluation, including imaging tests, biopsies, and blood work, to confirm the diagnosis and assess the extent of the bone cancer. This evaluation will help determine the most appropriate surgical approach.
  • Consultation with Specialists: You will meet with a multidisciplinary team of specialists, including orthopedic surgeons, oncologists, and radiologists. They will discuss the treatment plan, explain the surgical procedure, and address any concerns or questions.
  • Preoperative Instructions: You will receive specific instructions regarding medications, fasting guidelines, and any necessary preoperative tests or consultations. Following these instructions is crucial to ensure your safety and optimize the surgical outcome.
  • Lifestyle Adjustments: Your healthcare team may recommend certain lifestyle modifications, such as quitting smoking or adjusting medications, to optimize your overall health before the surgery. These adjustments can contribute to a smoother surgical experience and enhance your recovery.
  • Emotional Support: It's normal to experience a range of emotions before surgery. Consider seeking emotional support from loved ones, support groups, or mental health professionals to help manage any anxiety or stress you may be feeling.

What to expect during bone cancer surgery

Understanding what to expect during bone cancer surgery can help alleviate anxiety. While the specifics of the surgery will vary based on individual circumstances, here are some general aspects:

  • Anesthesia: You will receive anesthesia to ensure you are comfortable and pain-free throughout the procedure. The type of anesthesia used (general or regional) will be determined based on your specific case and discussions with the anesthesia team.
  • Incision and Tumor Removal: The surgeon will make an incision near the affected bone to gain access to the tumor. The size and location of the incision will depend on the size and location of the tumor. The goal is to remove the cancerous tissue while preserving as much healthy bone and surrounding tissue as possible.
  • Reconstruction: Depending on the extent of the tumor removal, patient may need reconstructive procedures to restore stability and functionality to the affected bone. This may involve bone grafts, implants, or other techniques to fill the void left by the tumor removal.
  • Wound Closure: The surgeon will carefully close the incision using sutures or staples and apply a sterile dressing to promote healing.

Throughout the process, your healthcare team will provide personalized care, monitor your progress, and address any concerns or complications that may arise. Remember to follow their guidance and attend follow-up appointments to ensure the best possible recovery and long-term outcomes.

Postoperative recovery and rehabilitation

After bone cancer surgery, the patient undergoes a period of recovery and rehabilitation to regain strength, mobility, and function. Here are the common steps included during the recovery process:

Pain management

Pain management strategies, such as medications and alternative therapies, are employed to alleviate post-operative pain and improve comfort during the recovery period.

Physical therapy

Physical therapy plays a crucial role in restoring strength, flexibility, and range of motion after bone cancer surgery. It includes exercises, stretches, and specialized techniques tailored to the patient's specific needs.

Mobility exercises

Mobility exercises are designed to help the patient regain functional mobility, such as walking, climbing stairs, and performing daily activities, after bone cancer surgery.

Home care instructions

Patients receive specific instructions regarding wound care, medication administration, activity limitations, and follow-up appointments to ensure proper healing and a successful recovery at home.

Risks & complications of bone cancer surgery

Like any surgical procedure, bone cancer surgery carries certain risks and potential complications. These may include infection, bleeding, nerve damage, impaired wound healing, and functional limitations. The specific risks depend on various factors, including the extent of the surgery and the individual's overall health.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the symptoms of bone cancer?

Common symptoms of bone cancer include bone pain, swelling, fractures, fatigue, weight loss, and limited mobility.

How is bone cancer diagnosed?

Bone cancer is diagnosed through a combination of imaging tests (X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans), biopsies, and laboratory analyses of tumor samples.

What is the success rate of bone cancer surgery?

The success rate of bone cancer surgery varies depending on various factors, including the type and stage of cancer, the patient's overall health, and the surgical approach. The prognosis and survival rates can be discussed with the medical team.

How long does the recovery from bone cancer surgery take?

The recovery time after bone cancer surgery can vary significantly depending on the extent of the surgery, the individual's overall health, and the specific rehabilitation plan. It may take weeks to months for a complete recovery.

Can bone cancer come back after surgery?

There is a possibility of bone cancer recurrence after surgery. Regular follow-up appointments and surveillance are crucial to monitor for any signs of recurrence.

Will I need additional treatments after bone cancer surgery?

Additional treatments, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy, may be recommended in conjunction with surgery to target any remaining cancer cells and reduce the risk of recurrence.

Can bone cancer surgery be performed laparoscopically?

Laparoscopic bone cancer surgery is not commonly performed due to the complexity and specific requirements of bone tumor removal. Traditional open surgery is often the preferred approach for bone cancer treatment.

How can I support my loved one undergoing bone cancer surgery?

Providing emotional support, helping with daily activities, accompanying them to medical appointments, and staying informed about their condition can greatly support a loved one undergoing bone cancer surgery.

Can bone cancer be cured?

The prognosis for bone cancer depends on various factors. While some cases can be cured, the outcome varies depending on the type and stage of cancer, the effectiveness of treatment, and individual factors. Collaborating closely with the medical team can help optimize treatment outcomes.

Schedule your bone cancer surgery at Texas Joint Institute

At Texas Joint Institute, we always make sure you get the best experience before, during, and after your bone cancer surgery. We have renowned specialists that are at the forefront of joint repair, providing exceptional care for even the most complex cases. We have the most effective techniques that minimize trauma and accelerate recovery through the use of state-of-the-art technology. Our professional team is here to help you regain mobility and enhance your quality of life. Contact us today at (972) 566-5255 to schedule a consultation.